Download Brain Bugs: How the Brain's Flaws Shape Our Lives by Dean Buonomano PDF

By Dean Buonomano

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A full of life, dazzling travel of our psychological system faults and the way they arise.

With its trillions of connections, the human mind is extra attractive and intricate than something lets ever construct, yet it's faraway from excellent: our reminiscence is unreliable; we can't multiply huge sums in our heads; ads manipulates our judgment; we have a tendency to mistrust those who find themselves varied from us; supernatural ideals and superstitions are difficult to shake; we want quick gratification to long term achieve; and what we presume to be rational judgements are usually something yet. Drawing on outstanding examples and engaging reports, neuroscientist Dean Buonomano illuminates the factors and effects of those ''bugs'' when it comes to the brain's innermost workings and their evolutionary reasons. He then is going one step extra, analyzing how our brains function--and malfunction--in the electronic, predator-free, information-saturated, special-effects-addled global that we have got equipped for ourselves. alongside the best way, Brain Bugs supplies us the instruments to hone our cognitive strengths whereas spotting our inherent weaknesses.

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Extra info for Brain Bugs: How the Brain's Flaws Shape Our Lives

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As she came nearer, tacking and tacking again, it was clear that she had had a rough time of it not long ago—her mainsail was double-reefed, presumably from some recent damage; there were strangely-patched holes all over it and more in her foresail and ragged jib; her upper works had a chewed appearance; and one of her seven little gun ports on the starboard side had been hastily repaired. There was not much danger to be feared from her. . 11 He studied them with the most concentrated attention, with a perfectly cold, impartial, expert judgment; and more and more it became evident to him that the heavy frigate, though an elegant ship and a fine sailor, was handled in no more than a conscientious, journeyman fashion—a captain and crew that had spent more time in port than at sea in all weathers.

We can see if someone knows the procedures, and is following them. Flight checklists are just one example of procedures that have successfully captured a task and have improved performance and safety. Procedures are also relevant to health care. Peter Pronovost, at the Johns Hopkins University, developed a procedural checklist approach for a specific and common problem in intensive care units: infections from catheter lines inserted into patients’ bodies. Pronovost identified five simple steps for handling patients in an ICU whenever a line is to be inserted: (1) Wash your hands with soap.

No matter how comprehensive the procedures, people probably will run into something unexpected and will have to use their judgment. It often takes government regulation to force organizations to compile reasonably comprehensive sets of procedures, and those procedures usually have some gaps. Even the routine task of flying an airplane can move beyond procedures. And in emergencies, procedures may be cast aside. Not in all emergencies—checklists have saved the lives of many pilots. But we also have stories such as that of Bob Pearson, who landed the Gimli Glider despite running out of fuel (as described in chapter 1), and Chesley Sullenberger who landed in the Hudson River after both of his engines failed soon after takeoff.

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