By David C. Rubin (editor)
Rubin brings jointly and integrates the easiest modern paintings at the cognitive psychology of stories of the self. Autobiographical reminiscence is the root for many psychotherapies, a massive repository of criminal, old, and literary details, and, in a few perspectives, the resource of the concept that of self. whilst it fails, it's the concentration of significant proceedings in lots of neurological problems. Introductory chapters position the research of autobiographical reminiscence in its old, methodological, and theoretical contexts. Later chapters document unique study about the reminiscences humans have of substanial parts in their lives. issues contain the schematic and temporal association of autobiographical reminiscence, the temporal distribution of autobiographical thoughts, and screw ups of autobiographical reminiscence in a variety of sorts of amnesia.
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Additional resources for Autobiographical Memory
Currently the most popular technique for studying autobiographical memory is a method developed by Sir Francis Galton (1879a, 1879b) in which the subject is presented with a word and asked to find a memory related to that word. This simple task nicely reveals one of the major problems that will be addressed in this chapter - the multiple forms of autobiographical and nonautobiographical memory. It seems to me that if I were a subject in an experiment of this type and if I were presented with a word such as California, I might give any one of the following very different kinds of response (dependI would like to thank Don Dulany, Demetrios Karis, John Pani, Brian Ross, David Rubin, Thorn Srull, Tricia Tenpenny, and Ellen Brewer for reading an earlier version of this chapter.
Clearly, as the original Galton technique is modified to sample different aspects of the overall memory system, one appears to find very different processes at work. Temporal organization. A final set of studies that can be looked at in terms of the framework for the structure of memory are studies of temporal organization and temporal dating. The study of memory for public events (Squire & Slater, 1975; Underwood, 1977; Warrington & Silberstein, 1970) is a semantic memory domain that can be organized temporally; it thus forms an interesting comparison with studies of personal memory and autobiographical facts, which also can be organized temporally.
Thus, Robinson instructed his subjects to "think of an experience from your own life which the word reminds you of" (1976, p. 581); if the subject gave some other form of response, the subject was told "to continue thinking until a specific incident associated with the word came to mind" (p. 581). A few studies in this area, however, have deviated from the strict Crovitz technique. 1, it appears that under these somewhat general instruc- 38 W I L L I A M F. BREWER tions subjects were giving generic personal memories in addition to specific personal memories.