By Wan Azlina Ahmad, Wan Yunus Wan Ahmad, Zainul Akmar Zakaria, Nur Zulaikha Yusof
Environmental matters concerning non-stop use of artificial dyes observed a revival within the call for for typical dyes as common dyes show higher biodegradability and usually have the next compatibility with the surroundings. despite the fact that, one of many barriers at the use of normal dyes or pigments is the low extraction yield components (a few grams of pigment in keeping with kg of dried uncooked material). consequently, the exploitation of alternative organic resources similar to fungi, micro organism and mobilephone cultures deals attention-grabbing replacement. Microbial pigments resembling from bacterial origins provide the virtue by way of construction in comparison to pigments extracted from greens or animals, as a result of its easy telephone and quickly culturing method. This e-book deals fascinating perception into preliminary works conducted to illustrate the aptitude use of bacterial pigment as colorant for numerous applications.
Read or Download Application of Bacterial Pigments as Colorant: The Malaysian Perspective PDF
Similar industrial engineering books
According to a few of his scholars most commonly asked questions, Antaki emphasizes the sensible purposes of this ASME suggested perform. With this publication readers will comprehend and follow API 579 of their day-by-day paintings. the fabric relies at the author’s direction and provided in transparent concise manor.
Regardless of the massive quantity of courses dedicated to neural networks, fuzzy common sense, and evolutionary programming, few deal with the functions of computational intelligence in layout and production. Computational Intelligence in production guide fills this void because it covers the latest advances during this zone and cutting-edge purposes.
This paperback model of Brenda Laurel's 1991 hardcover vintage encompasses a new bankruptcy that takes the reader via digital truth and past to a brand new point of human desktop interplay that's really reworking. Like its predecessor, this ebook offers a brand new idea of human-computer task.
Environmental issues relating to non-stop use of artificial dyes observed a revival within the call for for average dyes as traditional dyes show higher biodegradability and usually have the next compatibility with the surroundings. even though, one of many obstacles at the use of average dyes or pigments is the low extraction yield components (a few grams of pigment according to kg of dried uncooked material).
- Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology
- Kleben : Grundlagen, Technologien, Anwendungen
- Applied Reliability and Quality: Fundamentals, Methods and Procedures
- Food physics: physical properties - measurement and application
Extra info for Application of Bacterial Pigments as Colorant: The Malaysian Perspective
2003), antitumoral (Ueda et al. 1994, Melo et al. 2000) and anti-Mycobacterium tuberculosis (De Souza et al. 1999) activities. Other properties of C. violaceum include the production of cyanide (Michaels and Corpe 1965), the solubilization of gold (Faramarzi et al. 2004), the production of chitinolytic enzymes (Chernin et al. 1998), the synthesis of bioplastics (Steinbüchel et al. 1993) and environmental detoxification (Carepo et al. 2004). The genus Chryseobacterium was created by Vandamme et al.
Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore Martinko JM, Madigan MT (2006) Brock: biology of microorganism, 11th edn. Pearson Education International, USA References 43 Melo PS, Maria SS, Vidal BC, Haun M, Durán N (2000) In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim 36: 539– 543 Michaels R, Corpe WA (1965) Cyanide formation by Chromobacterium violaceum. J Bacteriol 89:106–112 Min-jung S, Jungdon B, Due-Sil L, Chang-Ho K, Jun-Seok K, Seung-Wook K, Suk-In H (2006) Purification and characterization of prodigiosin produced by integrated bioreactor from Serratia sp.
The decrease in color intensity at high pH values can be attributed to the deprotonation of nitrogen by NaOH from the three conjugated rings at the pigment structure. This resulted in electron conjugations in the ring structure that gives it stability (Konzen et al. 2006). UV/vis analysis (200–800 nm scan; UV 1601PC; Shimadzu) of the crudeviolet pigment (Fig. 17 nm (pH 3, 7, 9 and 13). Methanol was used as blank. The primary reason for stronger absorption of the pigment at longer wavelength (visible region) was the electron conjugation effect.